Papers Read on AI

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May 20, 2022  

DeepNet: Scaling Transformers to 1, 000 Layers

May 20, 2022

In this paper, we propose a simple yet effective method to stabilize extremely deep Transformers. Specifically, we introduce a new normalization function (DEEPNORM) to modify the residual connection in Transformer, accompanying with theoretically derived initialization. In-depth theoretical analysis shows that model updates can be bounded in a stable way. The proposed method combines the best of two worlds, i.e., good performance of Post-LN and stable training of Pre-LN, making DEEPNORM a preferred alternative. We successfully scale Transformers up to 1,000 layers (i.e., 2,500 attention and feed-forward network sublayers) without difficulty, which is one order of magnitude deeper than previous deep Transformers. Remarkably, on a multilingual benchmark with 7,482 translation directions, our 200-layer model with 3.2B parameters significantly outperforms the 48-layer state-of-the-art model with 12B parameters by 5 BLEU points, which indicates a promising scaling direction. Transformer-big BERT-large GPipe GPT-2 Roberta Megatron-LM T5 Turing-NLG GPT-3 GShard MT-NLG XLM-R XGLM GLaM Gopher DeepNet 0 200 400 600 80

2022: Hongyu Wang, Shuming Ma, Li Dong, Shaohan Huang, Dongdong Zhang, Furu Wei